Understanding current & voltage harmonics
Tài liệu: Hiểu về hài dòng điện và Hài điện áp
Current and voltage harmonics are often used interchangeably. At most places, only harmonics is quoted and whether the values pertain to current or voltage is not mentioned. The differentiation can be done on the basis of their origin.
The current and voltage harmonics in a system are often expressed as Total Harmonic Distortion (THD). The total harmonic distortion, or THD, of a quantity is a measurement of the harmonic distortion present and is the ratio of all harmonic components to the fundamental component.
Harmonics always originate as current harmonics and voltage harmonics are the results of current harmonics. Current harmonics originate because of the presence of non-linear loads like variable speed drives, inverters, UPS, television sets, PCs, semiconductors circuits, welding sets, arc furnaces in the system. They act as harmonic current sources. The resulting current waveform can be quite complex depending on the type of load and its interaction with other components of the system.